# Solved – What books are good for exam p for actuarial science

Hello I'm going to be a sophomore in college and planning on taking exam P for actuarial science. One of my weakest topic is probability. What "entry level" book would you recommend before I start studying exam P material.

I've included a copy of they syllabus, taken from the Society of Actuaries website:

1. General Probability
• Set functions including set notation and basic elements of probability
• Mutually exclusive events
• Independence of events
• Combinatorial probability
• Conditional probability
• Bayes Theorem / Law of total probability
2. Random Variables with univariate probability distributions (including binomial, negative
binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, Poisson, uniform, exponential, gamma, normal,
and mixed)
• Probability functions and probability density functions
• Cumulative distribution functions
• Sums of Independent Random Variables (Poisson and normal)
• Mode, median, percentiles, and moments
• Variance and measures of dispersion (including coefficient of variation)
• Moment generating functions
• Transformations
3. Random Variables with multivariate probability distributions (including the bivariate
normal)
• Joint probability functions and joint probability density functions
• Joint cumulative distribution functions
• Central Limit Theorem
• Conditional and marginal probability distributions
• Moments for joint, conditional, and marginal probability distributions
• Joint moment generating functions
• Variance and measures of dispersion for conditional and marginal probability
distributions
• Covariance and correlation coefficients
• Transformations and order statistics
• Probabilities and moments for linear combinations of independent random -variables
Contents