# Solved – Reasons for high standard error (no collinearity)

After running a least squares regression, I have the problem that one of my regressors has a really high standard error while the coefficient on this variable is very close to zero. After checking variance inflation measure I am quite sure that it is not a multicollinearity issue.

``        Coef.   Std. Err. X1     .911         .193 X2     .286         .089 X3    -.166         .082 X4     .016         .044 X5    -.024         .787 ``

The VIF on variable X5 is 2.82. It strikes me as unusual that a variable with such a small coefficient has such a large standard error.

What else are potential (econometric) explanations for one single standard error being that high?

Some additional information:

I have panel data with 92 units over 10 years (strictly balanced). I am running a Fixed Effects 2SLS in Stata using xtivreg, where variable X1 is endogenous, and X2-X5 are exogenous. I checked the VIF with Fixed-Effects-transformed variables. I used both conventional Standard Errors, as well as clustering on the country level, the issues of a high standard error on the one variable stayed the same.

summary statistic for variables:

``                  Obs        Mean    Std. Dev.      Min.       Max.        Y |        920        .822        .197        .25          1       X1 |        920        .817        .061       .582       .948       X2 |        920        9.44        1.06       6.71       11.8       X3 |        920        26.0        1.72       22.1       30.5       X4 |        920        3.80        .248       2.77       4.37       X5 |        920        .241        .023       .189       .291 ``
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#### Best Answer

First of all, a VIF of 2.82 is not that small–your standard error is around 67% larger than it would be without collinearity.

Second, the variance of the predictor is inversely related to the standard error of the predictor's effect estimate (have a look at the formula for the standard error of the regression coefficient estimate in OLS–\$(X'X)^{-1}\$ appears in the formula). X5 has very little variability relative to the other predictors in the model and so it makes sense that its standard error is larger.

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