I would like to know what kind of test I can use to verify my findings. In general I have a two group of people. One is a control group the other one was treated with a drug. After some period of time we collected samples from them (urine, blood, spit, etc…) and we calculated the ratio between some metabolites which can be found in those specific samples. The ratio was calculated for the metabolites grouped within the samples they were collected. For example:
Control: Treatment: Ratio: Urine (Arginine) / Urine (Arginine) 1.5 Urine (Proline) / Urine (Proline) 1.2 Urine (Acid) / Urine (Acid) 1.3 Blood (Tryptophane) / Blood (Tryptophane) 1.7 Blood (XX1) / Blood (XX1) 1.3 Blood (XX2) / Blood (XX2) 1.4
So I would like to know if a whole group (Blood, Urine, Spit) was significantly changed. I have at least 4 replicates for each of the metabolite/group. I would like to store all the ratios within replicates and perform a test which will tell me if the ratio is significantly changed to the one of the sides. What kind of a test can be used ?
It is only a matter on your preferred interpretation. The fact –the treatment has some effect on the metabolites– isn't altered by the question if you prefer to interpret ratios rather than differences. The patients well-being due to the treatment doesn't depend on you interpreting ratios or differences. Yet the formulation of the hypothesis either as "no difference" or "ratio = 1" is equivalent.
So you may use a paired t-test or a Wilcoxon-test (Wilcoxon sign test). Any statistical analysis software provides these test procedures. Note that you might need some multiplicity adjustment as you have multiple metabolites.
You don't have per patient ratios anyway because each patient is either part of the control or the treatment group (if I didn't misunderstand). You can calculate and interpret the ratios of the group means, but you cannot calculate the mean of ratios.
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